International Research Conference for Globalization and Sustainability

August 14-16, 2012, Sarabia Manor Hotel, Iloilo City Philippines

The Effectiveness and Acceptability of the HERO Instructional Flipchart with Teacher’s Handbook in Science and Health Education for Elementary and High School

Submitted by: Reneecilia B Paz de Leon/Mariam M Estrabo Email: reneecilia@yahoo.com
University/Organization: University of Rizal System Location: Morong, Rizal

The progress of every nation largely depends on the quality of its human capital that is not only concerned with knowledge, skills and competencies but more so with their physical health. The health of the people in a country can be a good predictor of its national development. Hence, Executive Order 595 or the Health Education Reform Order of 2006 (H.E.R.O. of 2006) through the Philippine College of Physicians became the largest doctor-initiated advocacy in the country supporting universal and preventive health care which has the prime goal to reduce the burden of illnesses in the Philippines through comprehensive health education and disease prevention.
It is well known among educators that, the educational experiences involving the learner actively participating in concrete examples are retained longer than abstract experiences. Instructional materials add elements of reality by providing concrete examples to learning. It is for this reason that the Philippine College of Physicians (PCP) in partnership with the Meralco Management and Leadership Development Center(MMLDC) with the able assistance of University of Rizal System(URS) and DepEd Teachers from Region IV-A and NCR developed an instructional flipchart with teachers’ manual to be used in teaching concepts of the 10 leading diseases in the Philippines. The research was undertaken to prove the effectiveness of the said materials in educating the clienteles regarding these illnesses. The study was anchored on the Sensory Stimulation Theory, which states that effective learning occurs when the senses are stimulated.
The research was focused on the determination of the effectiveness and acceptability of the developed Instructional Flipchart with Teacher’s Handbook. It also described how the topics and materials were used in the classroom and the behavioral changes in the health practices of the respondents which can be attributed to their exposure to the HERO lessons. The promising integration of the HERO topics in the basic education curricula was analyzed. The effectiveness of the developed IMs was tested through experimental method. Administrators, faculty, students and parents from selected schools in the provinces of Batangas and Cavite and cities of Manila, Antipolo and Caloocan were the respondents of the study. The difference in the students’ pretest and posttest scores was analyzed to determine the effectiveness of the IMs. Descriptive Method was applied to evaluate the IM’s acceptability in terms of Objectives, Content, Functionality and Presentation. Qualitative technique through interviews and focus group discussion was used to describe changes in the health-related practices and behaviors of the respondents that can be attributed with the knowledge gained from the use of IMs. Faculty and administrator respondents were interviewed to describe how the HERO topics and flipchart were used in the classroom while document analysis was used to analyze how the HERO topics can be contextualized and integrated in the basic education curriculum. Respondents including parents were involved in FGD sessions to validate behavioral changes among their children as a result to the IMs’ exposure. The study was conducted from June 2010 to May of 2011.
The study provided evidence that the use of developed instructional materials is a sine qua non in affecting behavior of learners. Evaluated IMs provided the teachers with interesting and compelling platforms for conveying information since IMs motivated learners to want to learn more. Further, HERO IMs provided opportunities for private study and reference. HERO IMs generally made teaching learning easier and less stressful. Developed HERO IMs were recommended for reproduction and adoption since they are equally indispensable catalysts of personal, social and intellectual development of the learners. However, the knowledge of the teacher cannot be overemphasized in the use and handling on any instructional gadgets for effective learning.

Category: Abstract